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Users & Permissions

For maximum security nine controls user access and authentication to your cluster. If you wish to add new user you must request this from support@nine.ch.

User Roles

Nine Managed GKE offers different roles for user accounts, which need to be specified when ordering a new user.
These roles are mostly related to GKE, although they also influence what a user can see on Runway, which is explained later.

The following roles exist:

role name permissions
viewer Can view all contents of all namespaces, except secrets
user Can create and delete owned namespaces, but does not have access to any other namespace. Can view secrets in owned namespaces
admin Has full access to all namespaces

Further, one may combine the viewer and user role, which would result in a user that can view all namespaces and their contents, and can create own namespaces, where the user has full access to.

Granular access to namespaces

By default, the user that creates a namespace will also be Admin in it. Further, all users with the admin role will have full access, and users with the viewer role read-only access to that namespace too.

It is also possible to give an otherwise unprivileged user (with viewer or user permissions) access to a namespace. This is possible by binding the user to a specific Kubernetes role. Every GKE cluster comes with the following predefined cluster roles which can be used in namespaces:

  • cluster-admin
  • admin
  • edit
  • view

The following table lists the differences between those cluster roles when used in namespaced rolebindings:

cluster role name permissions when used in rolebinding
cluster-admin This role gives full control over every resource in the rolebinding’s namespace, including the namespace itself.
admin Allows admin access, intended to be granted within a namespace. It allows read/write access to most resources in a namespace, including the ability to create roles and rolebindings within the namespace. It does not allow write access to resource quota or to the namespace itself
edit Allows read/write access to most objects in a namespace. It does not allow viewing or modifying roles or rolebindings.
view Allows read-only access to see most objects in a namespace. It does not allow viewing roles or rolebindings. It does not allow viewing secrets, since those are escalating.

To assign one of the predefined cluster roles to users in namespaces, the kubectl application can be used. Here are some examples:

# creating a namespace admin with full privileges
kubectl create rolebinding custom-admins-full-privileges --clusterrole=cluster-admin --user=<name>@ninegcp.ch [--user ...] --namespace=<your namespace>

# creating a normal namespace admin
kubectl create rolebinding custom-admins --clusterrole=admin --user=<name>@ninegcp.ch [--user ...] --namespace=<your namespace>

# granting normal edit permissions
kubectl create rolebinding custom-editors --clusterrole=edit --user=<name>@ninegcp.ch [--user ...] --namespace=<your namespace>

# granting view only permissions
kubectl create rolebinding custom-viewers --clusterrole=view --user=<name>@ninegcp.ch [--user ...] --namespace=<your namespace>

To edit the created rolebindings later on the kubectl edit rolebinding <rolebinding name> -n <your namespace> command can be used.

Runway

Runway lists Service Accounts, their credentials, and connection secrets to CloudSQL instances, for example. Because these service accounts may have higher privileges than a user’s account, only users with the admin role can view those secrets on Runway.
However, if you need an account that should not be admin in a GKE project, but should still be able to download the Service Account credentials or read CloudSQL connection credentials, you can also order a user plus the additional permission credentials-viewer.
Please keep in mind that this will potentially give users access to higher-privileged service accounts, which is a form of privilege escalation.

Password reset

If you need a new password for your nine Managed GKE account, please contact support at support@nine.ch. Please be aware that you have to be registered as a technical contact in our system.

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+41 44 637 40 40 Support Portal support@nine.ch